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Position Papers by Committee

Position paper for General Assembly Plenary (Concurrent)


Country:Argentina (Virtual)
Topic: Review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture
Paper text:
Argentina’s participation in the Peacebuilding Commission reaffirms the country’s commitment with peaceful conflict resolutions and with seeking a sustainable peace in countries that have gone through armed conflicts. Argentina supports the idea of the United Nations taking a holistic and integrating strategic approach to activities related to conflict prevention, peacekeeping, peacebuilding, sustainable peace and development, including the women and young people as transcendental actors in this transformation. Meanwhile, Argentina has begun to participate as a voluntary contributor to the Peacebuilding Fund, as a sign of support for the important work it carries out, as well as for peacebuilding and sustaining activities in general. Financing for peacebuilding activities and financing for development are linked, complement and feed into each other. In this regard, South-South cooperation and triangular cooperation are important examples of how different developing economies can benefit each other, so similar schemes could be considered when financing peacebuilding activities. We reiterate the need to pay more attention to the root causes of conflicts and the importance of finding solutions based on national responsibility, giving priority to the prevention and maintenance of peace. Argentina encourages the General Assembly to have adequate, predictable and sustainable funding for peacebuilding activities. Argentina reiterates its commitment to continue working to help the PBC and the Fund acquire an increasingly relevant role as instruments and having have adequate, predictable and sustainable funding for peacebuilding in conflict prevention as well as in the consolidation of peace.

Country:Argentina (Virtual)
Topic: Global health and foreign policy
Paper text:
Argentina believes that the States must work to ensure that their resources reach more and more people and that the policies designed effectively reach them. For this, it is essential to implement an approach based on human and gender rights to end AIDS as a threat to public health, reaffirming the dignity of people living with HIV or who are vulnerable to the epidemic. Our government decided to advance on the path towards the expansion of Universal Health Coverage, guaranteeing access but also providing comprehensive and timely services with continuity of care, regardless of where people live, their socioeconomic condition or type of health coverage they have. Argentina reiterates the importance of access to universal health coverage for all and renew efforts to guarantee a package of health benefits and benefits that, among others, include treatments for marginalized and vulnerable populations affected by diseases. To achieve these commitments it will be necessary to generate more resources, enhance technical assistance between States and international organizations through cooperation and through the development of strategic partnerships such as the one that occurs within the framework of UNAIDS, redoubling our efforts to ensure that in the future we can put an end to epidemics.

Country:Cambodia (Virtual)
Topic: Review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture
Paper text:
In an ever-evolving world, peacebuilding on behalf of the United Nations rises to the forefront as a means of providing and securing long lasting peace to nations around the globe. Since the initial use of peacekeeping forces in the Middle East in 1948, the landscape in which conflict is bred has drastically changed from interstate conflict to intrastate conflict triggered by local unrest. This change has made peacekeeping interests significantly more difficult for the United Nations because these types of conflicts lack international components. As a result, peacebuilding has phased out peacekeeping in order to implement sustainable ways for countries to continue promoting peace and to rebuild after conflict. One of the major concerns with the peacebuilding mission is a lack of communication among the principal organs and with relevant peacebuilding organizations, such as the world bank. Cambodia recognizes that this is an issue, and supports the bridge of gaps between the general Assembly, the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council in an effort to balance the distribution of the United Nations’ attention to all the various aspects of peacebuilding. Cambodia also recommends that eth peacebuilding commission meets regularly with regional and subregional organizations to improve cooperation at those levels. Additionally, Cambodia finds that the Peacebuilding Fund should be funded through voluntary contributions from Member States in order to reward those states that choose to participate in peacebuilding projects.

Country:Cambodia (Virtual)
Topic: Global health and foreign policy
Paper text:
Maintaining healthy populations around the world is a major issue facing our world today. Major disease outbreaks, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and poor health systems foster negative health outcomes that are brought on by poverty, famine and health worker safety, which themselves are influenced by war, forced migrations, climate change and natural disasters. Since the founding of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1948, the United Nations has been concerned with coordinating international health policy. A major issue plaguing cooperation among states and finding a solution to this problem is how to prioritize the varied global health issues. Instead of health impact, foreign policy incentives are the main drivers of priority which creates major disparities in funding for these issues. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) defined United Nations priorities between 2000 and 2015, but it excluded NCDs from its health goals. This led to a minimal amount of funding to NCDs to solve these pressing health issues. Cambodia firmly believes that the United Nations should address international health goals with the inclusion of NCDs as seen in the Sustainable Development Goals. Additionally, Cambodia hopes to see a stronger level of communication between Member States, NGOs and the private sector.

Country:Chile (Virtual)
Topic: Review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture
Paper text:
Chile believes that the Peacebuilding Commission has potential to further improve and strengthen its associated bodies through thoroughly practicing peacebuilding techniques. Above all, we firmly respect the efforts made by the Peacebuilding Commission in relation to upholding international peace and security among its Member States. We encourage the notion that all Member States should uphold the Peacebuilding Commission’s principles and other initiatives such as An Agenda for Peace and National Action Plan 1325, which emphasizes the importance of women and gender protection and its direct correlation to peace. Additionally, we encourage that Member States exercise such objectives accordingly to refrain from violence. However, we also advocate for the revision of the Peacebuilding Commission’s foundations of peacebuilding to better reflect contemporary issues and goals. Notably, applying peacebuilding techniques, such as dialogue, allows all active Member States to facilitate a better understanding and awareness of the Commission’s strengths and weaknesses. We find that it is necessary to promote the role of non-state actors when determining both strategic and specific objectives of peacebuilding. Given that many non- governmental organizations (NGOs) are in direct connection with our individual nations’ populace, they must be recognized as valuable resources to us all. We believe it is crucial to develop better relations and understanding of the objectives and actions of civil societies within our individual territories. Furthermore, we also agree that the Peacebuilding Fund should depend on donations from Member States and NGOs which are in positions to make contributions, keeping in mind that peacebuilding is a fundamental key to international security. We, the Republic of Chile, also promote these motives of better communication and are mindful of each nation’s sovereignty.

Country:Chile (Virtual)
Topic: Global health and foreign policy
Paper text:
Chile supports the notion of developing appropriate and effective foreign policies that support global health. Global health encapsulates many aspects, from non-communicable diseases (NCDs), health inequalities, to the general well-being of each Member State’s population. Correspondingly, global health requires focusing on the lifestyles and availability of nutritional and medicinal resources. Existing institutions such the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) based in the Americas have accomplished tremendous and beneficial tasks. However, we believe that all Member States and acceptable non-governmental organizations (NGOs) should pursue opportunities for improving collaboration on global standards given the current issues that continue to arise from the Covid-19 pandemic. Truthfully, we are increasingly encountering urgent matters that the greater number of Member States were and are unequipped for. It is evident that we must strengthen the health infrastructure by amending current policies and procedures to enhance plans of action that effectively address critical issues. This objective can be achieved through altering the dynamics of current foreign policy operations which would imply the need for an increase of transparency. Additionally, we find it necessary to endorse NGOs in view of their direct contact with groups of individuals in need. We encourage each Member State to share their successes and failures to further assist the Peace Commission learn more or be prepared to avoid the economic, social, and health disasters that have struck our populations. We also find it necessary to be mindful of upholding peace and respecting each Member State’s sovereignty during these dialogues to better provide resolutions to such conflicts. Overall, we advocate the efforts from the United Nations and its Member States to ensure that foreign policies are just and help us move forward together.

Country:Colombia (Virtual)
Topic: Review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture
Paper text:
Colombia has been a tried-and-true supporter of funding for peacekeeping and peacebuilding. We believe funding for the peacebuilding architecture of the United Nations (UN) is vitally important to help alleviate any rising conflicts. Colombia has experienced this aid given by the UN before and acknowledges the importance of adequately funding the peacebuilding architecture. For example, we have been funded by the UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) for a previous project costing $3 million. Funding received from PBF allowed us to provide resources for our communities and prevented us from relapsing into a conflict. In addition, Colombia acknowledges the lengthy process of peacebuilding and the importance of seeing the peace process through to the end. In a mission established by the Security Council, they monitored a conflict between guerrillas and the Colombian government and disarmament of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia (FARC). This resulted in more than 900,000 weapons being destroyed and helping members of FARC reintegrate into their community. Post-conflict reconciliation is essential to help prevent relapsing into conflict. This is where the peacebuilding architecture of the UN is crucial. Not only is the aid of the peacebuilding architecture crucial, its communication is fundamental too. If peacebuilding successes, and failures as well, were widely shared it could help generate more ideas and better peacebuilding practices. Colombia is a prime example of the importance of funding and follow-through from the UN. We, the people of Colombia, believe without the peacebuilding architecture, many places would lack international peace and security. Colombia believes more funding for the peacebuilding architecture of the UN would help resolve current and future conflicts as it supports the idea of peacekeeping.

Country:Colombia (Virtual)
Topic: Global health and foreign policy
Paper text:
Colombia believes there should be more cooperation from the United Nations (UN) to help developing countries get what they need to improve their health system. Adequate funding from the UN for non-governmental organizations (NGO) would help improve their health system. Worldwide NGO’s primary focuses is improving their healthcare system. Money funded into NGO’s could provide them with proper health care equipment and eventually, a better health care system. One of Colombia’s NGO, Fundación CRAN (Centro para el Reintegro y Atencion del Niño), focuses on raising money to provide proper medical care/treatment to children. These treatments will ensure better health for Colombia’s youth, the future of our country. At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, Colombia was the first country in Latin America to receive a vaccine through COVAX. The opportunity benefited our population as 49.3% of our population has received their first dose. We, along other countries, issued a joint statement on global solidarity for vaccine equity. We believe developing countries should have adequate access to vaccines available against COVID-19. The importance of involvement from the UN throughout the process is crucial, but Colombia believes the UN should continue to provide information gathered from NGOs after improvement to a country's health care/treatment system. By providing follow-up information such as using what’s helped other countries as guidance, it will help better health systems in many countries. While having countries report their health emergencies and health procedures to the UN is helpful, they’re still in need of medical assistance from equipment that could be provided if the UN would fund the health care related NGOs in countries.

Country:Cuba (Virtual)
Topic: Review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture
Paper text:
We strongly support the continued review of peacebuilding architecture to build greater cohesion and prevent additional regional divisions that might emerge within the body. The development of a more inclusive structure, with a focus on women’s leadership, will benefit all member states. More than that, we hope to discuss topics of financing to ensure the future of peacebuilding within the United Nations structure.

Country:Cuba (Virtual)
Topic: Global health and foreign policy
Paper text:
We have championed global health efforts in the past, and we hope to engage in productive discussion regarding how to improve global health and foreign policy issues in the upcoming year. We hope to discuss how to help the developing world benefit from new technologies and how to create systems that effectively distribute resources around the world. Health resources have oftentimes been the domain of the developed states, but we hope to identify paths for greater sharing of technology and resources to the benefit of all.

Country:Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Virtual)
Topic: Review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture
Paper text:
The review of United Nations peacebuilding architecture is necessary for the continued success of this international organization. We hope to work with other member states in ensuring that member state sovereignty is highlighted, and that future peacebuilding efforts avoid mistakes of the past. Our goal is to work to create a more faire peacebuilding architecture that takes into account the interests of all member states.

Country:Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Virtual)
Topic: Global health and foreign policy
Paper text:
We are interested in discussing global health and how to achieve global benefits for the world. We have seen success in the past in addressing our citizens' health concerns and avoided many of the problems faced by other member states. We hope to focus on global health solutions that support state sovereignty while engaging in ways to build communication between different member states.

Country:Iraq (Virtual)
Topic: Review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture
Paper text:
Peacebuilding is an integral part of building countries back after conflicts break out. Peacebuilding is what builds a recovering country into a successful and sustainable country that can contribute in the future on a global stage. Iraq would support a peacebuilding budget with mandatory contributions as well as additional optional voluntary contributions from member states in order to maximize funding as well as reduce the option for countries to sit by and freeride off of other donor members in a hypothetical voluntary contribution- only system. The peacebuilding Commission can improve cooperation among the organs by creating coalitions between different organs within the United Nations. By requiring members of the world bank as well as other organs necessary to peacebuilding efforts to attend meetings with the peacebuilding commission and participate in resolution building and voting, they will then have an integral voice in these efforts. This will in turn make all of the organizations outside of the peacebuilding commission that regularly work with them, part of the commission so that they can better work together and cooperate with one another. Iraq has been receiving Peacebuilding assistance from the United Nations since the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003. The peacebuilders have assisted the country in advancing political conversations, monitoring, and aiding the electoral process, fostering dialogue between Iraq and their neighbors, protecting human rights, and many more assistances. Iraq as well as many other countries would not be able to receive this extent of the necessary aid if the peacebuilding budget was based solely on voluntary contributions.

Country:Iraq (Virtual)
Topic: Global health and foreign policy
Paper text:
The best healthcare is not accessible to everyone worldwide, that needs to change. People around the globe have to rely on non-governmental organizations, missionaries, and other nonprofits to provide adequate medical care for them. Non-governmental organizations are a key piece to the healthcare of many countries struggling with healthcare concerns. The United Nations should do what they can to work hand in hand with these organizations to help all countries around the world. The United Nations should also work to recognize the effectiveness of these outside organizations and work side by side with them to share resources, success and methods used to help both the UN and the NGO’s reach people and help the most people. The NGOs should be just as valuable to implementing global healthcare as any government organization. They sometimes have access to better technology and resources that allow them to help people better than maybe the state can. The states should work together in their country with the NGO to implement healthcare. Countries with similar health issues throughout their country should be able to work together through the World Health Organization in order to combine information funding and bright minds to solve problems affecting their countries in order to hopefully be able to solve the problems more effectively. The United Nations should take a utilitarian approach focus on the most severe and widespread problems to help the maximum amount of people and allowing individual countries to focus on more isolated issues. Additionally, countries and an organization such as the UN should consider buying health care information from other NGOs in order to produce and spread cures quickly and effectively worldwide so that places that normally wouldn’t have access to high quality and lifesaving medical equipment, vaccines and other medical care can receive them. Finally, the United Nations global health and foreign policy budget should be structured to require funding from all members while also accepting voluntary contributions to allow for maximum funding for the worlds global health. Contribution should be required since all United Nations member states will be benefiting from the success of the World Health Organization and other healthcare related endeavors undertaken by the United Nations this should help minimize free riding by member states.

Country:Japan (Virtual)
Topic: Review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture
Paper text:
The international community in its interconnected condition, has a collective responsibility to promote and maintain peace at the international level. Japan recognizes the failure of the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission and other relevant United Nations organs to focus its attention on employing the necessary preventative actions prior to and implementing lasting peacebuilding measures following a conflict. In the year 2020, the world suffered 56 active conflicts, eight of which were considered wars. Casualties from the wars in Yemen, Somalia, and Syria were nearly 30,000 last year. These casualties could have been prevented if collaboration and timely attention had been considered. In acknowledging this failure, Japan urges collaboration amongst the UN Peacebuilding units, the Security Council, the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council. To ensure peace in the international community, peacebuilding must be treated as a collective effort within the United Nations. The General Assembly and Security Council adopted resolutions on improving peacebuilding through preventative measures, but this review does not call attention to the importance of institution building in conflict-ridden areas. Japan stresses the need for citizens to be able to trust their government when deterring conflict. Japan urges the UN Peacebuilding Commission to work towards a united front with other necessary peacebuilding organs and organizations to aim for lasting peace worldwide.
Japan also recognizes the importance of a stable and sustainable peacebuilding fund. Voluntary funding of peacebuilding operations and organizations allows for a flexible and timely response. However, Japan urges the UN Peacebuilding Commission to exercise its convening authority to encourage actors to share information which will allow for better allocation of all incoming resources when assisting a nation. Japan urges transparency between actors in funding related to sustaining peace.

Country:Japan (Virtual)
Topic: Global health and foreign policy
Paper text:
Over the past two years, the international community has witnessed the importance of addressing the health of a nation as an interstate concern. National health crises can quickly become global health crises. This is the ongoing situation of the Covid pandemic. To combat the Covid pandemic, Japan urges immediate collaboration between the World Health Organization and member states to ensure continued dispersal of the Covid Vaccines. Japan has provided 23 million vaccines worldwide through the COVAX facility and plans to provide 60 million vaccines total. It is crucial that no one’s health is left behind as we emerge from this global pandemic. As such, Japan calls for other developed countries to also help provide vaccines to member states in need.
Japan recognizes the importance of global preparedness to prevent future, interstate health crises. It is apparent that the global community was not well-equipped to combat the Covid pandemic when it happened. The millions of lives lost worldwide could have been prevented had the international community been better prepared. To prevent the further loss of lives, Japan urges the United Nations and International Community to collaborate on matters concerning the health-related Sustainable Development Goals. Japan firmly believes all states must adhere to the International Health Regulations passed by the United Nations in ensuring transparency on health emergencies. Japan urges for continued collaborative efforts and transparency of knowledge between United Nations member states, WHO, World Bank and other health-related units, private philanthropies, regional organizations, and non- governmental organizations. The allocation of funding, time, and effort must be decided through collaboration to better align with the nation’s needs. Japan also firmly believes that universal healthcare must be the priority of nations worldwide and it is the responsibility of the United Nation’s health-related units to encourage and assist in achieving this goal. Again, collaboration is needed to optimize funding and effort put into achieving a healthy population as well as ensuring no one’s health is left behind.

Country:Mexico (Virtual)
Topic: Review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture
Paper text:
Mexico believes Peacebuilding is vital to all countries. We are proud of our reputation, work, and various accomplishments in the United Nations and our Vice-Presidency in the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission. We have thought of a different way to approach peacebuilding for conflicts countries may face. We have been working hand in hand with Finland to work on the aspect of prevention, not recovery as peacebuilding usually reacts. As Vice-President of the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission, we want to promote various forms of the contributions to the peacebuilding fund. The importance of funding is so countries, like us, can help commit to peacebuilding architecture used to help countries that need it. Financial and non-financial funds will help bring peace to those countries transitioning from armed conflict or even those that have transitioned already. Our own national goals have all nations in mind, to make sure when any nation needs peacebuilding architecture can get the appropriate help with the appropriate funding. We take pride in our significant contributions to the Peacekeeping Operations budget and hope other countries will follow in pursuit to empower the Peacekeeping Operation. Peacebuilding to us is not focusing on the aftermath of conflicts. In our 2015 Peacebuilding Architecture Review we stated we will tend to cause of conflict to prevent it, strengthen our own participation in peacebuilding, and advocate for the prevention dimension of peace operations. Mexico takes pride in our role in the United Nations and are devoted to help contribute to improving Peacebuilding Architecture for all countries.

Country:Mexico (Virtual)
Topic: Global health and foreign policy
Paper text:
Mexico holds international cooperation in health care to a high standard on our agenda. In the 72nd World Health Organization Assembly Mexico represented the region of the Americas. The assembly was vital as Mexico was among other countries that discussed policies, appointed the director general, supervise financial policies, and review and approve the budget for the program. Due to Covid-19, Mexico has raised concerns about the global access to vaccines and how some countries have no access to vaccines. Mexico President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador brought the concerns of vaccines and requests “all countries have the possibility of vaccinating their inhabitants.” Mexico understands the importance of international cooperation in health care, so we want to reaffirm our plans from our 2030 agenda. In our 2030 agenda we will work hand in hand with member states to help prepare the multilateral processes on tuberculosis, non-transmissible diseases, and antimicrobial resistance with a strategy a holistic and preventative response to these dire issues. Our involvement and work in the 72nd WHO Assembly and opinions on worldwide vaccine access shows our cooperation and dedication to healthcare globally. We believe international cooperation in health care is important for all countries to consider, and important for the United Nations to fully prosper and impact.

Country:Thailand (Virtual)
Topic: Review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture
Paper text:
The Kingdom of Thailand emphasizes the importance of the modern peacebuilding architecture of the United Nations. The Peacebuilding Commission, the Peacebuilding Fund, and the Peacebuilding Support office all work to identify concise goals for peacebuilding opportunities and raise funds to achieve and maintain them. We have made international peacebuilding a priority for over 60 years. As a member of the Peacebuilding Commission for the 2021-2022 term, we will support the PBC by promoting sustainable development led by the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy (SEP), and work towards more inclusive approaches to peace and sustainable development.
In order to be more inclusive, Thailand firmly supports the involvement of women in peacebuilding. More than half of the world’s population is composed of women, and it is of the utmost importance we include them in leadership and decision making roles within the peacebuilding architecture. Currently, Thailand has 14 female officers on staff for three different peacebuilding operations. We aim to grow that number over the next few years. We also support the education and empowerment of all people to promote peace. It is imperative that the PBC detects and handles conflict in order to prevent the escalation of armed conflict throughout the world. The cause of the majority of conflict within nations stems from issues such as poverty, gender inequality, discrimination, social injustices, etc. It is in the PBC’s best interest to address these conflicts at the root in order to avoid peace issues such as terrorism, extremism, and radicalization. Thailand urges the PBC to continue working on providing platforms for the public and private sectors to collaborate and provide everyone equal access to justice. We also encourage strengthening multi-stakeholder partnerships. It is imperative that the United Nations work closely with local governments to better understand local areas history and culture, so we can better implement peacekeeping strategies. Funding for the Peacebuilding Fund has been a topic of discussion for the past few years. To date, Thailand supports the voluntary contributions from Member States. We also support further cooperation between the PBC and the World Bank. The utilization of the World Bank’s State and Peacebuilding Fund would be very beneficial to the PBC.

Country:Thailand (Virtual)
Topic: Global health and foreign policy
Paper text:
We believe global health is an issue of the utmost importance. The Kingdom of Thailand has been a member of the WHO since the 1940s, and will continue to support international cooperation in regards to global health and foreign policy. We believe the international community can better work to support States experiencing ongoing global health emergencies by cooperating and working with other member States. In addition, Thailand firmly supports the involvement of UN bodies, regional organizations, private philanthropies, and non-governmental organizations stepping in as donors and activists in response to global health crises.
Thailand emphasizes the importance of bringing equal attention to all diseases. So far, from 2000-2017, there has been a considerable amount of funding for infectious diseases. In total, infectious disease research received around 105 billion dollars. Out of the 105 billion, around 40 percent of that funding went to HIV/AIDS, while other diseases like Malaria and Tuberculosis only received around 5 percent. Other chronic, non- communicable diseases such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory disorders also receive very little attention when it comes to funding. We believe in order to maintain a stable global health status, it is imperative that non-communicable diseases are given equal attention and funding for research and prevention. Over 3.3 million people have been killed by the Covid-19 pandemic, and 88 million people are now living in extreme poverty because of the pandemic. We firmly support the GPMB’s recommendations to boost health infrastructure, and believe it is essential that the international community works to be better prepared for possible future outbreaks. To do this, we believe the priority topics from the Foreign Policy and Global Health Initiative should be heavily focused on. Some of these topics include the key roles of healthcare workers, climate change effects on health, and universal access to healthcare. We believe international cooperation is key to upkeep global health.

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