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Position Papers by Committee

Position paper for Commission on Population and Development


Country:Argentina (Virtual)
Topic: International migration and development
Paper text:
In Argentina, immigration has been one of the main contributors to the economy and it has influenced our social, political, and cultural organizations. For Argentines, immigration is part of our social DNA, everyone knows somebody that is from abroad who has migrated whether it is a father or a great-grandfather. We have the highest number of migrants within the region; thousands of citizens from neighboring countries such as Paraguay, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru have integrated into our country in recent years. We welcome migrants with open arms. Argentina has an important commitment to humanitarian matters. For over 20 years, our White Helmets have been recognized by the General Assembly for their valuable contributions. They have traveled to Lebanon to help in a refugee camp in Syria. We also offer a Humanitarian Visa Program that facilitates the entry of people affected by the conflict in Syria. The program assures a residence permit and the same civil rights as all Argentines. We would like the support of the UN to be able to extend the visa permit to other refugees and extend it to migrants. We would also like to send our White Helmets to other refugee camps because we understand that people do not become refugees by choice, they flee because their lives are in danger. We would like to be there and be their support.

Country:Argentina (Virtual)
Topic: Adolescents and youth
Paper text:
The Argentine Republic believes that children and adolescents need to be able to fully exercise and enjoy their rights. We believe that children and adolescents deserve the right to health, education, leisure, and culture. By addressing the needs of children and adolescents we can create a better future for the younger generation and our country. We have ratified and integrated the Convention on the Rights of Child into our national constitution because we are committed to protecting children. Under the Convention on the Rights of the Child, children have the right to free public education and to reach their full development as human beings and as citizens. We have also enacted a national Law for the Integral Protection of Children and Adolescents; this law lays the basis for our juvenile justice system. The law that we created establishes a set of public policies that consider girls, boys, and adolescents as subjects of their own rights. Since 2016 we have been working alongside UNICEF Country Program to support and complement the efforts that our government has worked towards the universalization and enjoyment of children’s rights through social inclusion, especially to the children in situations of greater vulnerability and exclusion. With the help of UNICEF and the Country Program, other countries will have great success with developing a framework of rights for children and adolescents to exercise. We believe that the Country Program other countries as well as us to be able to strengthen citizen participation and the performance of the different levels of government.

Country:Colombia (Virtual)
Topic: International migration and development
Paper text:
Colombia believes in the notion of international migration and how it helps improve development and that the conditions of migration can be revamped by acknowledging the beneficial factors in working with both of these subjects. We believe in implementing measures that can further enhance the useful outcomes between migration and development. These concepts are important to us given that it should satisfy as well as maintain sustainability to all countries through an inclusive approach. The UN agencies and Member States acknowledged there is a solution to accomplish our goal in development by ensuring the safety and movement of migration through policies. We completely support the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Program of Action in taking further steps to adopting a people-centric approach by granting migrants access to social welfare and information on reproductive health thus strengthening development in the country. We have taken matters into our own hands and made the decision to grant Venezuelan migrants temporary legal status that will permit access to resources and ability to obtain employment. Opening our borders to them isn’t enough for Venezuelan migrants and doesn't really help us, so we have to take any means of truly integrating them into society by having the access to resources as well as rights that protect them. We recommend that the UN and Member States carry on with declaring the importance to the nexus between development and international migration. The government of Colombia recognizes the benefits of migration, specifically coming from our neighbor, in how it can improve the economic stability and recover from the pandemic in addition to helping migrants prosper. Like the 2030 agenda for sustainable development which Colombia strongly supports, its strategy is to think about the long- term vision in solutions and Colombia is precisely doing that. We, the government of Colombia, believe that our approach should be an influencing example for other countries to pursue the same enforcement so they can understand that our decision is a step forward to higher development in all countries if they were just open to the idea of it.

Country:Colombia (Virtual)
Topic: Adolescents and youth
Paper text:
Colombia supports prioritizing population development through granting greater access to adolescents and youth social services such as education, healthcare, and employment. There is a growing tendency encompassing young people in experiencing a lack of opportunities for personal growth whether it be mentally or physically as well as government benefits. It’s a matter of urgency and should be taken as a crucial issue given that other nations will benefit as well. Unemployment and impoverished youth will lead to social instability and the repercussions will further increase the youth bulge. With this in mind, we advocate the initiative Member States are acting upon in giving access to health care, most importantly sexual and reproductive health information as well as services. As a nation we also support the UNFPA Strategic Plan 2018-2021 (My Body, My Life, My World) on promoting sexual and reproductive health and rights as well as adolescents having access to this type of information. On our end, we are working on increasing the number of young people to attend school, President Duque also announced in the 76th Session of the UN General Debate providing free tuition for public universities and technical training. In addition, as a nation we support NGOs that focus on accomplishing our goal in increasing socioeconomic development such as taking action in regards to the unemployment issue. Overall, we advocate any efforts from the UN and its Member States to ensure and uphold their initiatives of establishing programs or policies that help adolescents and youth in having access to basic rights but have turned into a privilege that not many are granted.

Country:Cuba (Virtual)
Topic: International migration and development
Paper text:
We hope to address key concerns about international migration, identifying solutions that benefit member states while guaranteeing individual human rights protections. The COVID pandemic has created unique problems for migration, and we hope to address how increased access to health resources may lessen the push factors that may drive migration and movement. More than that, we hope to foster physical safety and spur development in the process.

Country:Cuba (Virtual)
Topic: Adolescents and youth
Paper text:
The unique concerns of adolescents and youth must be addressed by the international community, and we hope to engage with other member states in creating solutions that allow partnerships between governments and the United Nations. We hope to see the United Nations provide resources and programs to developing countries with large “youth bulges” to ensure that they have the basic tools for success and that member states have greater security for the future.

Country:Denmark (Virtual)
Topic: International migration and development
Paper text:
The Program of Action has recognized the positive and negative economic impacts of international migration. United Nations agencies and Member States have shifted their attention toward the migration development nexus. Migration can act as a vehicle to foster development. The linkages between migration and development were a sole focus by the United Nations. In 2006, the Global Forum on Migration and Development was created as a consultative forum for both civil society and government to have a better grasp on the development and migration nexus. Another goal of this commission is to protect the labor rights of migrant workers and implement migration policies that are well planned and well managed.

Country:Denmark (Virtual)
Topic: Adolescents and youth
Paper text:
The International Community has seen their fair share of common misconceptions about migrants leaving their home countries to mostly escape from developmental failure. Causes of international migration split into push and pull factors. Migration is an outcome of economic development that includes positive and negative economic effects. These issues, according to the community, should be addressed. A twenty-year action plan has been adopted by the participating member states of the International Conference. Its intention is to focus global thinking and United Nations action on population and development toward a people centric approach. The Program of Action contains wide ranging recommendations on health, development, and social welfare. Reproductive health will also play a central role. Another aspect that can benefit the plan is to have the creation of the Commission on Population and Development as a functional commission of the Economic and Social Council.

Country:Japan (Virtual)
Topic: International migration and development
Paper text:
The connection between international migration and development is one of utmost importance to Japan. Migrants make up approximately 3.5% of the world’s population — there are an estimated 272 million migrants worldwide, most of whom have migrated in search of work. Migrant labor spurs economic growth in destination countries, but can also help reduce poverty in the home countries of migrants as income is often shared with family members.
The developing world benefits from migrant workers that spur economic development. However, Japan acknowledges that mass influx of migrants can place strain on governments and economies. As such, Japan has tried to aid European countries facing such problems by setting up emergency grants with the aim of providing support for improving the reception centers for refugees and migrants, enhancing the capacity of border management, and providing food and medical services for those refugees and migrants in need. Japan strongly believes such grant programs need to be set up more frequently and by a greater number of member states to ensure the safety and human rights of migrant workers.

Country:Japan (Virtual)
Topic: Adolescents and youth
Paper text:
Japan believes the international community has a moral imperative to provide a better future for the world’s adolescents and youth. This includes immediately addressing the disastrous effects of global climate change. Earlier this year the UN Climate Change report highlighted that the world is facing 30 years of worsening climate impacts no matter what action is taken in 2021. Japan calls upon the international community to prioritize action against climate change and to use this opportunity to invest in our children’s future. Climate change actions will require the creation of new “green” jobs which can be utilized to address youth unemployment worldwide, but especially in developing countries which often experience a “youth bulge”. Training programs for green jobs can pull millions of people out of poverty and provide an avenue for youth to earn an acceptable income, which will also increase social and political stability. Japan would like to see the international community work together to establish a program to reach such an important goal.

Country:Mexico (Virtual)
Topic: International migration and development
Paper text:
Mexico has been a strong supporter of the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants. Further, we have participated in efforts to adopt international standards for migration and establish its principles, and since 2018, two compacts have been successfully adopted: the Global Compact on Refugees, and the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration. We believe that it is essential to have continued support from the United Nations General Assembly to further accomplish the goals of the two compacts. In focusing attention on the migration-development nexus, as well as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, it is clear that there is a link between migration and sustainable development. Many trends can be found in the data collected that support the need for developing more strategies toward the goals of international migration. Taking into account the Covid-19 pandemic, international migration efforts have been affected and halted in many areas. We, the people of Mexico, will continue to show unwavering support for the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, and will also resume efforts toward international migration during the pandemic. We recommend that UN entities also examine their efforts in the wake of the pandemic, and join us in our efforts to increase support for safe, orderly, and regular migration. We further recommend special consideration in the following areas: focus on human rights and gender equality, the vision of shared responsibility, social inclusion, recognizing the contributions of migrants, consolidating a governance framework for migration, strengthening international cooperation, and considering both climate change and natural phenomena as causes of migration.

Country:Mexico (Virtual)
Topic: Adolescents and youth
Paper text:
Mexico recognizes the importance of youth empowerment as it relates to the future of social change, development, and technological advancement. Youth that are part of disadvantaged groups should be given more support, as well as opportunities. To achieve this, we have committed our full support to the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and urge countries that are not in support to revisit their positions. We believe that continued support to conventions such as the aforementioned one will only seek to provide better opportunities for youth in these groups. In 2020, we, the country of Mexico, adopted a feminist foreign policy that highlights our commitment to gender equality across all areas. Further, we advocate for the United Nations Population Fund’s new global strategy, My Body, My Life, My World. Through this strategy, youth and adolescents are put at the center of sustainable development. Our new policy is strengthened with the addition of My Body, My Life, My World. We would like other countries to raise support for having equal opportunities and conversations about both men and women, especially in the case of sexual and reproductive health and rights. It is essential that we affirm the importance of having improved access to opportunities, employment, and health, to youth in all countries. Improvements in these areas will contribute to economic growth as well. We believe that UN entities should cast political views aside and focus on the betterment of youth in all countries, but particularly in the areas of gender equality, employment, health, and access to opportunities. We further recommend that more support and conversation be given to the UNFPA and their My Body, My Life, My World strategy. Youth are, in many ways, our future.

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