Position paper for Security Council
|The COVID-19 pandemic has presented an unprecedented threat to international peace and security due to its disruption of trade and other humanitarian efforts. The People’s Republic of China has taken exceptional measures throughout the COVID-19 pandemic to mitigate the threat the virus poses both to its own citizens and to citizens of other nations around the world. China has been a world leader in cooperation in order to move against the spread of the virus, as well as leveraging its industrial strength in order to aid countries which do not have the same capabilities. Over the course of the pandemic, China has been the first country to contribute to the international community in many ways, providing anti-pandemic material, medical advisors, and extensive vaccine assistance. Notably, China has already provided more than 1.1 billion vaccine doses to other countries, and is planning to provide two billion doses over the course of 2021. Additionally, to further facilitate this, China has launched the Initiative for Belt and Road Partnership on COVID-19 Vaccines Cooperation, which links 31 countries with China to better distribute vaccines. The UN-backed COVAX initiative has been supported by China since its inception as well. China has contributed to COVAX with significant monetary and material donations to both the overall initiative and especially to the COVAX Advance Market Commitment, which is the launching point of COVAX to enable vaccine deployment to vulnerable populations regardless of financial means. The COVAX AMC received China’s largest voluntary pledge to an international organisation to date. It is clear that the COVID-19 pandemic must be combated by the whole international community, with no political or strategic favoritism. The Security Council should follow the example of China in recommending cooperative action with no strings attached to promote good faith and human cooperation.|
|The Chinese government believes that a solution to the crisis in Yemen must be established. To begin, we support a peaceful resolution to the Yemeni Civil War. In the past, we have called for increased dialogue between the conflicting parties. After a resolution is reached, China believes that economic development is key to long-term peace-building. For instance, our Belt and Road initiative requires stability in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. To continue, China is concerned over the humanitarian issues which have developed over the course of the Yemeni Civil War. Unlike the United States of America, we have supported an independent investigation by the United Nations to discover the causes of the deaths of civilians during the war. China is amiable to both factions, and we are willing to work with either side once the conflict subsides. While we officially recognize the current Yemeni government, we have been in open talks with the Southern Transitional Council. China is interested in developing the region to meet the interests of both Yemen and China.|
|The Chinese government is sympathetic to the Palestinian people, and we desire a solution that will allow both nations to exist with dignity. First, China desires peace in the region through peaceful negotiations. We see Palestinians as deserving independence and sovereignty—free from Western imperialism. To accomplish this feat, we see that it is imperative for both sides to utilize military restraint—especially Israel. Second, our President, Xi Jinping, and the government of China have assertively pressed for solutions to the controversy. Among these solutions, China has endorsed a two-state solution for Israel/Palestine based on the pre-1967 Six-Day War borders with East Jerusalem being the capital of Palestine. Along with a two-state solution, China wants Israel to stop settlement building and the two nations to cooperate. Third, China has a history of supporting Palestinians against “Western Imperialism.” Mao Zedong interpreted the encroachment of Israel on Palestinian territory, as an act of imperialist aggression against Arabs. China will continue to stand with the grand majority of the world in supporting Palestine.|
|As Estonia’s representative, an issue that is becoming more prominent now is the issue of Climate Change. As many countries look to recover from the Covid crisis, there is no better time to push for Climate policy. As an international community we have to recognize the reality and the dangers of continuing on the path of fossil fuel use and start pushing for a position within our governments to reach zero emissions by the year 2050. Following the Race To Zero campaign, meant to mobilize non-governmental actors to join the Climate Ambitions Alliance, a “starting line” can be made in place for a country to be part of the race to net zero following the guideline of the campaign's’ “meta-criteria”, the 4p’s: Pledge, Plan, Proceed, and Publish. In addition, following the Paris Agreement that has already been established should be a priority for member states. As an international community, we should push to rebuild our society at this moment.|
|Considering how widespread the use of technology is becoming, cyber space is something of major concern that all countries should have. As cyber crime and attacks have increased during the pandemic, we need to push for a resolution which allows the establishment of basic universal rules to generate a safe environment within cyber space. There are some rules already in place, like the 2015 report of the GGE being adopted by consensus in resolution 70/237 which calls upon Member States to be guided in their use of information and communications technologies. Estonia aims to want to reinforce existing precedents and establish a trust within states, as continuous ignorance of the issue can lead to severance of international trust.|
|The French Republic affirms its support of previous statements made by the President of the Security Council regarding the situation in Libya. France calls on the interim government to provide a smooth transition and free and fair elections next month. France also calls on all parties to comply with the ceasefire agreement and the UN arms embargo. France reaffirms its commitment to UN-facilitated Libyan-led and Libyan-owned political processes and recognizes Libyan sovereignty and our commitment to a united Libya.|
|The Situation in the Middle East (Yemen)
The French Republic affirms its support of Resolution 2564, 2511, and all previous resolutions
regarding the situation in Yemen. France condemns the ongoing escalation and the continuation
of Houthi attacks on Saudi Arabia and calls for an immediate cessation of attacks and a
nationwide ceasefire. France condemns all human rights violations in Yemen and is concerned
about the devastating humanitarian situation exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.
The Situation in the Middle East (Syria) The French Republic supports the Syrian opposition and insists that Bashar-al-Assad, the Syrian president, steps down. France is committed to a peaceful settlement of the conflict so peace and stability can return to the area. France recognizes the dire humanitarian situation in Syria and urges that immediate action be taken.
The Situation in the Middle East (Israel and Palestine) The French Republic affirms its belief that the conflict can only be resolved through a two-state solution and calls for compliance with international law, including a fair solution regarding refugees, the end of Israeli occupation, and the preservation of the status of Jerusalem. France urges Israel to fully comply with international humanitarian law. France supports the ceasefire and condemns all acts of violence and terrorism in the area.
|Topic:||Maintenance of Peace and Security (Covid-19)|
|The French Republic recognizes the risks to international peace and security that COVID-19 poses and emphasizes all the measures outlined in Resolution 2565. France supports the COVAX initiative and emphasizes the importance of getting vaccines to countries that have limited access. France supports ceasefires during this time so vaccines can be distributed. However, France supports the current efforts against terrorist organizations.|
|Topic:||The Government of India\'s Perspective on Maritime Disputes|
|The Government of India is aware of the attention attracted by this region on a global scale due to territorial conflict and perceived threats; and as such recognize the importance of a commitment to peace and law. The Government of India recognizes that “The sea lanes of communication are critical for peace, stability, prosperity and development of the Indo- Pacific region.” And as such, “India has strengthened its cooperative engagements in the Indo-Pacific based on converging visions and values for promotion of peace, stability, and prosperity in the region”(Defence Minister Rajnath Singh). We stand in strong support of freedom of navigation, flight and unimpeded commerce across international waterways. India encourages all other nations to establish a code of conduct to ensure freedom of navigation and access to resources in this region. Furthermore, “India hopes that the Code of Conduct negotiations will lead to outcomes that are in keeping with international law, including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and do not prejudice the legitimate rights and interests of nations that are not a party to these discussions.” In regards to the maritime disputes within the Indo-Pacific region, The Government of India affirms that any disputes “should be resolved peacefully and in accordance with international law”(Modi). We believe that this is essential to promoting mutual trust and confidence among all countries concerned with this issue, so that we may work to establish global peace and security (Modi). The Government of India supports a “common rules based order” for the Indo-Pacific region that supports “sovereignty and territorial integrity” with “rules and norms based on the consent of all, not on the power of the few”(Modi). In the Indian Ocean, the Government of India has been, and will continue to be “that of a net security provider”(Modi).|
|International collaboration and sharing COVID-19-related resources is paramount to uplifting regions in need and to avoid exacerbating existing global disputes. The detriment to citizens by armed conflicts around the globe has been further emphasized by the inequality and lack of comprehensive COVID-10 relief. While in the Security Council, the nation of Ireland voted to affirm Resolution 2532 and Resolution 2565, calling for a global ceasefire to allow the free passage of medical aid, particularly COVID-19 vaccines. Within Ireland, mass vaccination efforts have led to a 74% full vaccination rate nationwide. Beyond our borders, the nation of Ireland has supported global vaccine distribution in numerous ways. Ireland has devoted €6m to COVAX, a global initiative attempting to distribute vaccines across the globe. Moreover, the nation of Ireland supports the sharing of information and research on COVID-19 vaccinations to ensure widespread distribution and access is granted.|
|Following the ten year anniversary of the fall of the Gaddafi government and subsequent passage of resolutions 1970 and 1973, the situation in Libya still remains a significant challenge. Attempting to establish a stable government after the fall of Gaddafi has led to new challenges including a second civil war in 2014 between the Government of National Accord (GNA) and the Libyan National Army (LNA). After a failed 2019 assault by the LNA, led by Khalifa Hifter, the United Nations held talks which led to a ceasefire. Additional talks led to the formation of a new interim government, the Government of National Unity (GNU). The nation of Ireland has welcomed the establishment of a new government and is hopeful for the potential progress. Throughout the process of the formation of this new government, the nation of Ireland has supported these efforts of the United Nations. The nation of Ireland aims to support the new government in addressing conventional challenges such as the illicit sale of arms, damaged healthcare system, and growing threat of terrorism. Ireland additionally seeks to condemn violence, human rights violations, and violations of international law. Ireland has a consistently deep commitment to the international justice system and urges member states of the United Nations to hold violators accountable, especially in the case of Libya.|
|The crisis in Syria has been provoked and exploited by ongoing economic and humanitarian tension. Nearly 40% of citizens are unable to afford nutritious food due to rising costs, and shortages in crucial sources like fuel and water are becoming more and more widespread. The nation of Ireland reaffirms its support for the sovereignty and dignity of Syria, but urges the uplifting and further assistance of displaced civilians. Humanitarian efforts by the United Nations and other international stakeholders should be welcomed in order to bring stability and progress to the health of the Syrian population. Access should be even more so expanded to allow for COVID-19-related needs, inoculations, and personal protective equipment to be delivered in order to not further exploit the citizens of Syria. In accordance with international law and with existing ceasefire agreements, humanitarian access should be granted. Stability and peace within the region, specifically in Syria, cannot be afforded without the support for civilian resilience and economic rebuilding.|
|Topic:||The Situation in Yemen|
|Mexico looks with distress at the unnecessary suffering perpetuated by the irresponsible
war in Yemen, including the indiscriminate bombing campaigns, which has not only seen
a massive influx of civilian causalities, but has also led to the destruction of critical
infrastructure, resulting in famine. The alarming results of irresponsible and
warmongering attitudes have been brought to the attention of Mexico by this crisis.
Mexico recognizes the great benefits of past international actions and negotiations that
have attempted to alleviate the suffering of the Yemeni people, including the COVAX
initiative, which has laid the groundwork for pandemic and health recovery in Yemen.
Moreover, The Hodeida Agreement, which has been supported by the Security Council,
has helped steer Yemen towards peace with limited success. However, Mexico also
recognizes the failures and mistakes of the Security Council, including the repeated
renewal of the sanctions from 2014, which Mexico has voted “For” in the past. Mexico now
chooses to withdraw its support for continuing such sanctions, as they are effective only
in limited the Yemeni people’s access to food and medicine.
Saying such, Mexico understands the potentially devastating consequences for human rights if the world continues to allow the Yemeni people to suffer from famine, war, and disease. Therefore, Mexico urges member states to take actions to support the Yemeni people if they have not already done so, and to support actions on the international stage that lead to lasting peace. Mexico notes that the embargos against Yemen are doing more harm than good as they are currently limiting the Yemeni people’s access to critical food and medical supplies. Thus, Mexico encourages nations to end their support of the embargo, and resume trade with Yemen, particularly in sectors that provide humanitarian benefits. Mexico also entertains the idea of the establishment of some sort of no-fly zone over Yemen to limit foreign involvement which Mexico believes is prolonging the crisis. The crisis in Yemen can be alleviated, but it will require the states involved in the conflict to make a commitment to the Yemeni people to reduce conflict and take a humanitarian approach to action.
|Topic:||The Situation in Afghanistan|
|After a decade of the US-led coalition against the Taliban, American troops completely
withdrew on August 30, 2021. The withdrawal was followed by the fall of Afghanistan to the
Taliban, as the internationally recognized Kabul-based government quickly collapsed.
Following this, the situation in Afghanistan has become concerning many in the international
community, including Mexico. The United Nation Security Council is advocating to ensure
that the rights of women and girls, as well as religious minorities, are respected under
Taliban rule. Mexico advocated for the resolution voted for Resolution 2596 which extended
the mandate of the United Nation Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) until March 17
on September 17, 2021. The Permanent Representative of Mexico made informal comments
to the United Nations saying Mexico will support the humanitarian assistance the United
Nation will continue to provide to Afghanistan.
Mexico urges the protection of women and girls, minorities and religious equality in Afghanistan during the Taliban rule as these are the minority groups particularly under religious and social endangerment coming from the current governing power. Mexico would also call upon the Security Council to take the initiative in ensuring the safety and security of those affected by the distress and heightened tension brought on by the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Afghanistan, many of whom are seeking asylum or in need of immediate food aid. Mexico encourages the Security Council to acknowledge the Taliban as the governing power in Afghanistan and recognize the Taliban’s representative to the United Nations. Saying such does not mean Mexico supports the Taliban, nor its support for terrorism or unjust treatment of women, girls and religious minorities, but recognizes the ineffectiveness of previous boycotts of the Taliban in the 1990s.
|Topic:||The Central American Migrant Crisis|
|Mexico is deeply dismayed at the migrant crisis which can be felt throughout the region,
including at both Mexico’s northern and southern borders. Originating out a confluence of
cartel conflict, gender-based violence, and economic failures, among other factors, it is now
estimated that over a million people have migrated in the last 8 years alone, with recent
migrant waves including a large volume of unaccompanied children. Many find themselves
in refugee camps in Mexico, which have unfortunately themselves become centers of
violence, sexual assault, and human suffering. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated this
already awful situation. The UNHCR has worked to alleviate these conditions, but camps
remain woefully underfunded and understaffed. Outside of
Mexico experiences this crisis much more directly than other member states and believes that the Security Council must act now. Mexico strongly believes in the deployment of a UN Peacekeeping mission to Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua to accomplish two goals. First and foremost, this force can stabilize these states and re-establish the rule of law. Second, this peacekeeping force would process these migrants in their own countries and lift the burden for caring for these migrants from neighboring states, particularly Mexico. Second, Mexico believes that the Security Council must call for increased funding towards the UNHCR, as this agency is best equipped to deal with the current crisis. Finally, Mexico believes that the Security Council should call on member states from the global north to provide vaccines to be distributed in migrant camps across Mexico and Central America.
|Topic:||The Situation in Libya|
|It comes with great motivation for Norway to observe the international community
galvanized to engage the question of Libya. Viewing with apprehension, Norway remains
deeply conscious toward Libya and the Libyan people, reaffirming that the nation today
remains confronted with extraordinary conditions and challenges. Our government applauds
the Secretary-General for recently designating a special envoy to Libya within the mandate of
the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL). Our government shares the special
envoy's and UNSMIL's concern about the arbitrary incarceration of migrants and refugees,
including children, in official detention institutions. Furthermore, in affirming our continued
support of Libya's weapons embargo, Norway draws the attention of the Security Council to
ongoing violations that exacerbate the ongoing conflict, and underscores that independent
foreign fighters and Private Military Companies (PMCs) continue to be a source of guns and
security services for various armed factions. Our administration shares an approving
interconnection of the ongoing dialogue held in Switzerland and Morocco to align
international efforts under the Berlin Process for Libya. Taking into consideration Resolution
2486, Norway requests that the Security Council (SC) evaluate the political-security apparatus
in preparation for further action on the four pillars of the Libyan Political Agreement.
|Topic:||The Situation in the Middle East (Yemen, Syria, Israel, and Palestine)|
|The Kingdom of Norway shares the Secretary General's concerns over Israel's originally avowed intention of annexing sections of the West Bank and expresses its satisfaction toward Israel's decision to suspend settlement in the contested zone. Norway condemns any formal infraction of Resolution 181 and observes the recent Abraham Accords and other normalization agreements with Israel as stepping stones to deepen the dialogue and capitalize on the current regional dynamic to relaunch negotiations between the parties. Our government declares that to end the long-running Israeli-Palestinian conflict, both sides and the international community must implement a series of further concurrent actions. Bearing in mind the current regional instability surrounding Syria and the challenges it has already presented to the international community, Norway observes the recent cease-fire agreement signed by the UN Special Envoy for Syria as an opportunity to relaunch the dialogue on the long-term successful execution of Resolution 2254. Acknowledging the High Representative for Disarmament Affairs reports the continued utility of chemical weapons utility outlined in S/PV.8237 S/2018/218, Norway remains deeply convinced that it is unacceptable that there has remained no accountability for breaches and crimes against people of the conflict. Our administration demands that those guilty for atrocities must be held accountable, and that victims' rights and needs must be satisfied. The government of Norway further proclaims that such accountability is essential for attaining long-term peace and establishing a national healing process. Our delegation further calls the Council's attention to cross-border procedures initially drafted in Resolutions 2165 and 2449, highlighting the Bab al-Salam and Al Yarubiyah frameworks, and reminds the Council that these frameworks were allowed to expire once before. Viewing with apprehension that the renewal of these mechanisms is at risk to lapse again, Norway further reminds the Council of their importance to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), affirming that these agencies already face considerable challenges in conveying adequate supplies to battle COVID-19 alone. Recognizing that the crisis in Syria will outlive the initial renewal, Norway requests that the Security Council extend these procedures for longer periods of time. Alarmed by the situation in Yemen, our administration is convinced that it is on its way to becoming the world's biggest humanitarian crisis. Norway has provided about $23 million USD in humanitarian assistance to Yemen through the Norwegian Red Cross, but our government reiterates its concern that the humanitarian response is poorly underfunded. Our government urges members to reconsider their ability to contribute to the situation. Norway welcomes Resolutions 2451 and 2452 for keeping this status and creating open cities for humanitarian assistance, as guided by the achievement of the Hodeah Agreement negotiated by the United Nations Special Envoy for Yemen. Norway emphasizes the link between COVID-19 and gender equality in the area, and urges discussion of how the Women Peace and Security (WPS) agenda provides critical platforms for collaborative decision-making and long-term solutions required for Yemen.|
|Topic:||Maintenance of International Peace and Security (COVID-19)|
|The Kingdom of Norway places great emphasis on the United Nations (UN) Charter and Resolutions, which we applaud for guiding the principles for excellent multilateral actions by all Member States to protect and safeguard the values of international peace and security, but our administration remains concerned about the outbreak and mindful of the Member States' own well-being policies. Bearing in mind Resolution 2532 as a basis for this discussion, Norway draws the attention of the council to Resolution 74/270, which calls for expanding international collaboration to limit, decrease, and eliminate the epidemic, as a sign of the Council's unity and commitment. Norway observes that the overwhelming majority of containment actions by Member States have demonstrated remarkable adaptability and resourcefulness in carrying out their policies despite the obvious multitude of limitations faced by Coronavirus, but our administration expresses hope that the Security Council (SC) will consider their versatility where tensions are rising as a result of the crisis's extreme socioeconomic effects. In response to the epidemic, Norway declares to prioritize civilian safety. Our government argues that an effective and efficient international framework is needed for securing equitable and worldwide access to vaccinations, as well as reducing the pandemic's harmful impacts, bearing in mind that the pandemic has not affected all nations equally. Norway is deeply concerned that instability-inducing forces regard the disease's susceptibility as a strategic advantage, adding to the issues posed by the epidemic to diplomacy. Our administration echo's Secretary-General Guterre’s urgent call for a worldwide cease-fire and strongly encourages conflicting parties to stick to the appeal, underlining with serious worry on the relationship between conflict and the spread of COVID-19. We applaud the Council and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) on the establishment of the Global Humanitarian Response Plan (GHRP) and urge Member States to contribute. Alarmed by the Secretary General's estimate that more than a billion children are out of school and that more than 135 million people would be hungry by the end of the year as a result of COVID-19, Norway has put the Safe Schools Declaration into action and expresses its appreciation to co-chair the Facilitation Council for the Access to Covid-19 Tools-Accelerator.|
|Topic:||The Situation in the Middle East (Yemen)|
|The situation in Yemen is a difficult one. The only pursuit we should have in mind is that of peace. Therefore, situations such as sanctions against the Houthis from UN Security Council Resolution 2216 may not have been the wisest decision. This is because sanctions against a group, is sanctions against all the people of Yemen. Sanctions against Yemen are hurting their people and their economy. Blockades by Saudi Arabia, preventing food and resources from entering Yemen have killed hundreds of thousands of innocent people. The Yemen people are starving. The United Nations has had several attempts to implicate Iran in providing weapons to the Houthis which have been vetoed. The problem in Yemen is not going to be resolved with sanctions against a government, when it is the people who are seeing the negativities that come with this. Yemen also has a very strict religion, and while the UN is attempting to distribute COVID-19 vaccinations to them, they already knew that it would not be successful. Sanctions against Yemen have most assuredly worsened the civil war within Yemen, causing people to not only fight for their freedom, but also fight to survive everyday with worse variables such as starvation playing a factor. We realize that the United Nations wishes to resolve the problem within Yemen and bring peace to the region, which is exactly what we all want. The best approach to a ceasefire with the Houthis is lifting the blockade and halting the airstrikes by Saudi Arabia. War and despair will continue in Yemen and is only being prolonged by the conflicts with the Houthis. Saudi Arabia wanted a ceasefire declared in order to lift the blockade and the Houthis wanted the blockade lifted first. At this point, it is a stalemate and unless there can be no deals made with either side, we wish to remain neutral in this situation.|
|Topic:||Maintenance of International Peace and Security (COVID-19)|
|As the pandemic continues to rage on, we remember all the lives lost due to this highly infectious virus. Furthermore, we wish to commend and applaud the tremendous work all health workers have done and continue to do during this crisis as well as their dedication to work in such difficult conditions. Global peace and security continue to be our main concerns and this health crisis has created new complications in this important Security Council goal. As the Security Council continues to mandate new peacekeeping operations, the health and safety of peacekeepers is paramount to ensure continuity and longevity for each individual operation. We stand in support of each sovereign state as they do what they can to stem the spread of COVID- 19 within their own borders. We call upon the Security Council to provide more aid to states that have been especially affected by the pandemic. Though our cooperation, the effects of the SARS-CoV-2 would be suppressed and nations across the globe can continue to thrive.|
|Topic:||The Situation in the Middle East (Syria)|
|The international community continues to decry the atrocities of the ongoing conflict in Syria. A solution to this horrific humanitarian crisis would be a major step in the Security Council’s goal of maintaining international peace and security. However, as noted by Secretary General Guterres, this crisis only sees its end through political means, not through further armed conflict. It is our belief that through free and fair elections the rightful leader would be chosen by the Syrian people. Thus, we reaffirm Security Council Resolution 2254 which provides a road map for a proper political process and solution. We advocate for the sovereignty of the Syrian Republic and support negotiations between the current government and the populace without interference from other nations. It is imperative that we support the Syrian people, providing them with much needed, equitable, and readily available humanitarian aid. Furthermore, we call for the provision of aid to countries which welcome refugees fleeing violence, many of whom are eager to return to their homeland without fear of harm. We urge members of the Security Council to continue to be aware of the plight of the Syrian people and push for continued cooperation in providing relief.|
|Country:||Saint Vincent & the Grenadines|
|Topic:||Crisis in Yemen|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines believes Yemen is on the precipice of utter despair and
desolation. The healthcare systems of Yemen have been crippled by Cholera outbreaks and
the COVID-19 global pandemic, while being further exacerbated by the brink of nation-wide
famine. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines calls on members of the United Nations to remove
barriers to provide aid – across both land and sea. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
commends the United States for delisting “Ansarallah” or the Houthis from terror listings and
encourages other member states to follow their example. It is within the power of this
institution to prevent a famine rather than waiting to address it when it is officially
recognized and exponentially worse.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines recognizes that this conflict has no military solution. The global community has seen too many nations descend into chaos from proxy wars on their soil. In this way, the Yemeni People have suffered in a protracted stalemate worsened by outside involvement. For this reason, we call on the international community to refrain from military intervention. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines calls on outside actors to utilize diplomatic channels such as ceasefires and treaties to reach the ultimate goal of sustainable and lasting peace. The process of peace and the political solution that follows must be Yemeni-owned and Yemeni-led.
|Country:||Saint Vincent & the Grenadines|
|It is the belief of the people of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines that it is the responsibility of
the Security Council to take action regarding the Israel-Palestine conflict by pursuing direct
peace negotiations between the two parties. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines supports a
two-state system solution honoring pre-1967 borders and Jerusalem as a twin capital, in
which Palestine is recognized by the United Nations as a sovereign state and full member of
the UN. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines reminds the Security Council that the Israeli
occupied Palestinian territory violates international law.
Palestinians in occupied territory have little to no access to healthcare, a further violation of Israel on the Palestinian people, as it is the responsibility of Israel as the occupying force to provide healthcare, including COVID vaccines to these people. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines passionately believes the violence against Palestinians by Israeli settlers must end in agreement with Security Council Resolution 2334 (2016). As an island nation, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines recognizes the importance of international trade via sea travel, which amplifies our call for the end of the sea blockade of Palestinian ports, in addition to all other forms of coercion against the Palestinian people.
|Country:||Saint Vincent & the Grenadines|
|The international balance of peace is delicate as the stresses of the pandemic continue to ravage families and nations. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines denounces vaccine nationalism. While it may offer near-sighted advantages internally, this is a global issue, and all our fates are intertwined. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines reaffirms our support of the COVAX program and its expansion to the most vulnerable areas and peoples. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines calls for a suspension of all violent conflicts, both domestic and foreign, to set the international response to the COVID-19 pandemic as the top priority.|
|Topic:||The Situation in the Middle East: Yemen|
|The Republic of Tunisia firmly believes in the consideration of the Yemeni people when discussing the future of Yemen. The aspirations and goals of the people of Yemen must be at the forefront of all conversations, taking place above all considerations of other states with interests in the region. Until we recognize this importance, the situation in Yemen will continue to ferment as the World’s Largest Humanitarian Crisis. Furthermore, any military operations would only heighten the situation, leading to more turmoil, humanitarian disasters, and deaths of civilians. Tunisia cannot stress enough, the importance of non- military operations in Yemen on account of the United Nations and other external forces. Tunisia reaffirms our call to the Houthi Rebels to cease any and all violence against the people of Yemen and the enclaves of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Without the cooperation of the Houthis, a peaceful resolution in the situation in Yemen would be insurmountable. We restate and will continue to restate the dire importance of humanitarian and medical aid needed for the survival and wellbeing of the Yemeni people. Nearly 80% of the population of Yemen is in desperate need of humanitarian aid in the form of clean water, food, logistics, and protection. The reports of hunger, malnutrition, cholera and the lack of sufficient schools are all deeply troubling and must be resolved. Tunisia is prepared to help its brotherly nation in any way deemed necessary. We will continue to support any other nation that intends to assist Yemen in the quest for perpetual stability. As the only nation in this council to embody the MENA region, we welcome any and all discussions pertaining to Yemen and any other crisis in the Middle East that may be faced today.|
|Topic:||The Situation in the Middle East: Syria|
|The Republic of Tunisia stands firm: immediate action must be taken in Syria. Over the past decade, Syria has experienced a continuous escalation in their violent civil war, over which 350,000 lives have already been lost. 5.6 million Syrians are registered under refugee status across neighboring regions. 6.2 million persons are still left internally displaced throughout the region. Reflecting on Secretary We must pursue a negotiated political settlement in line with Security Council resolution 2254, adopted in 2015. To help combat the violence observed in Syria the United Nations has implemented efforts such as resolution 2585 (2021), which is aimed at aiding food convoys and humanitarian development projects. While UN efforts continue, more must be done. The Republic of Tunisia reiterates that resolving the Syrian crisis requires finding a Syrian-led and -owned political settlement facilitated by the United Nations, in accordance with resolution 2254 (2015). There will be no peace in Syria without the unity provided by such a settlement. This would provide the United Nations opportunity for meaningful dialogue and impact throughout the region. A Syrian-led and owned political settlement would thrive under the proper conditions and allow for Syrian parties to find common factors. Such a settlement would also allow Syrian people to operate in a way that prioritizes their overriding needs above all else. In order for the Syrian people to thrive, they must exist in a region free of chemical weaponry. Because of this we urge the importance and vital mandate of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and their involvement with Syria. This organization's initial agreement made with the Syrian Minister for Foreign Affairs has paved the way to chemical weapon oversight in the region and can continue to produce efficient results.|
|Country:||United States of America|
|The United States is saddened to see the events that unfolded in Afghanistan in recent
months. After the United States removed itself from Afghanistan, ending a 20 year long
war in the region. The United States’ president, Joe Biden, addressed the American people
shortly after Afghanistan’s military fell. President Biden highlighted that the United States’
withdrew from Afghanistan in order to protect the members of the United States Military.
President Biden also spoke on displaced persons and refugees from Afghanistan.
President Biden notes that the United States has evacuated 100,000 refugees as of August
31, 2021. The United States has accepted 97,000 refugees as asylum seekers as of
September 1, 2021 and plans to continue assisting Afghans who seek help.
In September, the United States carried out drone strikes with the hope of targeting a leader of a growing terrorist organization. Threats made towards the United States, both foreign and abroad, will always be taken seriously and will be resolved with employing every tool and tactic necessary. While the United States hopes for a more peaceful future, the threat to Americans abroad by the growing threat of ISIS-K will not be ignored. The United States looks to the United Nations resolution 1373, which highlights a member states right to protect their citizens from terrorist threats.
The United States looks forward to a collaborative session. The United States hopes to find solutions that work for the betterment of Afghanistan and the Afghan people, that does not compromise a member state's safety.
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