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Security Council Situation Report 2 October 2018

Situation Report on Matters Pertaining to International Peace and Security

This update complements the brief background notes already published in the Issues at AMUN handbook. Please read the Issues at AMUN book before turning to this update.


On 18 September, United Nations investigators released their report on the situation in Myanmar to the Human Rights Council. The report detailed the horrors allegedly perpetrated by the Burmese military, known as the Tatmadaw, against the minority Rohingya ethnic group and generally substantiates the investigators’ accusations of genocide. “I have never been confronted by crimes as horrendous and on such a scale as these,” said Marzuki Darusman, the chair of the mission. According to the report, the Tatmadaw engaged in rape and torture of the Rohingya minority and perpetrated other crimes,including burning villages and placing landmines along escape routes from villages with the intent to kill people as they fled. United Nations investigators conservatively estimate the number of Rohingya dead in the two months from August 2017 at 10,000. Myanmar’s representatives to the United Nations claimed the report was partial and unfair because it relied mostly on the testimony of refugees and NGOs, despite the fact that the Burmese government did not grant any access to the country or the Tatmadaw for the United Nations mission.


On 22 September, four gunmen disguised as soldiers opened fire on a military parade in Ahvaz, killing 25 people and wounding 70. The dead included members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard. Both the Islamic State and Ahvaz National Resistance, an Iranian Arab separatist group, claimed responsibility for the attack. Iran’s president, Hassan Rouhani, condemned the attacks on 23 September, blaming the United States for supporting “mercenary countries” in the region. Iran blames Saudi Arabia for funding the separatist groups that may have carried out the attack, and has lashed out at other regional powers as well. The Revolutionary Guards have vowed to exact “deadly and unforgettable” vengeance for the attack.


Associated Press (2018). Iran’s President Condemns Gulf State, and U.S., After Deadly Attack. New York Times. 23 September.

Georgy, Michael (2018). Iran’s Revolutionary Guards threaten to avenge military parade attack. Reuters. 23 September.

Safi, Michael (2018). ’Tied to trees and raped’: UN report details Rohingya horrors. The Guardian. 18 September.


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